The Order of Minor Friars Capuchins (lat. Ordo fratrum minorum Capucinorum, OFMCap) came into existence after the reform of the Franciscan Order as a third self-standing branch of the first Order of St. Francis of Assisi. It was founded by M. da Bascio and L. da Fassombrone for keeping alive the original «Rule» by St. Francis of Assisi. The new order was confirmed in 1528 by the Pope Clement VII, and at the time of the Pope Paul V, in 1616, received his own minister general. The seat of the Capuchins is Rome.
The Capuchins wear brown habit with pointed hood (like the one reportedly worn by St. Francis). During history, the Friars Capuchins – known as the order practicing highly contemplative life – developed a diverse apostolate among different social strata. They accepted the pastoral work as well as the spiritual care, education and missionary work and were an important leverage of the Catholic Reformation in the 16th and 17th century. Actually, after 1574 the Pope Gregory made possible the spreading of the Capuchin Order outside Italy, so that from that time their intensive preaching and missionary work began.
The arrival of Capuchins in Croatia is directly connected with the founding of the Capuchin Monastery in Steiermark (Styria) in 1600, i.e. with the coming into existence of the Styria Province in 1608. Officially the Capuchins arrive for the first time to Croatian regions in 1610, first to Rijeka where they found and begin to build the monastery, whereafter monasteries are founded in Zagreb in 1618, in Split in 1691, in Varaždin in 1699, in Osijek in 1703 and in Karlobag in 1710. The period from 1625 to 1789 is also known as the golden age of the Order because then starts the intensive spreading of the Capuchins to other Croatian towns.
Title: 400 Years of Capuchins in Croatia
Date of Issue: 16 April 2010
Denominations: 6,1 kn