Slovakia post issued a stamp featuring Canopic jars. which represent a special type of vessels used in Ancient Egypt to store the internal organs during the process of mummification.
Their present name was established by the early Egyptologists who followed the antique tradition. Canopic jars were used in Ancient Egypt from the period of the 4th Dynasty (c. 2543 – 2436 BC). Materials used for their production could be alabaster, limestone, pottery, faience, later also bronze. In the process of human body mummification, the viscera, lungs, intestines, liver and stomach in particular, were placed into four canopic jars. Lids of canopic jars had flat or domed shape at the beginning.
They were later modelled into the human head form, and from the period of New Kingdom (c. 1539 – 1077 BC), they added the appearance of heads of four sons of god Horus, Imsety, Hapy, Duamutef and Qebehsenuef. Imsety was portrayed with a human head, Hapy with the head of a baboon, Duamutef with the head of a jackal, and Qebehsenuef with the head of a falcon.
Canopic jar lids shaped into this form reflected the faith of the Egyptians in magical protection of the viscera of the dead in the context of Ancient-Egyptian religion.
Title: Canopic jars of ancient Eygpt
Date of Issue: 8 October 2010
Denominations: 1.00 €