India post issued a stamp on “Census 2011,” the biggest-ever census attempted in the history of mankind enumerating the country’s 1.18 billion population and classifying usual residents according to their gender, religion, occupation and education.
15th Indian National census began on May 1, 2010. Census has been conducted in India since 1872 and this is the first time biometric information will be collected. The census is conducted in two phases. Housing and House listing census ended on June 15, 2010. The second phase will begin on February 9 to collect information for National Population Register following which all Indians will be provided with identification card containing all vital information.
The massive exercise, to be spread over next 11 months, will mark a milestone as the first-ever National Population Register (NPR) will also be prepared in which all persons aged over 15 years will be photographed and fingerprinted to create a biometric national database. With this India will probably become the first democratic nation in the world which would have got its population fingerprinted in a year from now.
The demographics of India are remarkably diverse.India is the second most populous country in the world, with over 1.18 billion people (estimate for April, 2010), more than a sixth of the world’s population.Already containing 17.31% of the world’s population, India is projected to be the world’s most populous country by 2025, surpassing China,its population exceeding 1.6 billion people by 2050.India has more than 50% of its population below the age of 25 and more than 65% hovers below the age of 35. It is expected that, in 2020, the average age of an Indian will be 29 years,compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan; and, by 2030, India’s dependency ratio should be just over 0.4.
Title: Census Of India
Date of Issue: 8 February 2011