Israel post issued a stamp to mark the Centenary of WWI in Eretz Israel and the Military Railway (2015).
The stamps features a Turkish train in the Beer Sheva station – the Turkish army’s logistics center and Moshe Shertok in Turkish military uniform who volunteered in the Turkish army and served as an officer on the Balkan front.
A small stamp tab shows Turkish military uniform belt buckle.
Centenary of WWI in Eretz Israel and the Military Railway
During the course of the World war I living conditions of Jewish Yishuv in Eretz Israel was terrible. The people of Eretz Israel were left penniless and starving.
Some members of the Jewish Yishuv wanted to help the British conquer Eretz Israel and there were those who wanted to accept Ottoman citizenship and assist the Ottoman Empire’s war efforts.
Among them was Moshe Shertok (later Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel), who volunteered in the Turkish army and served as an officer on the Balkan front.
The Ottoman army initiated a campaign to conquer the Suez Canal in early 1915. On February 3, 1915, Turkish forces attacked the British troops stationed at the Suez Canal, but the attack failed and the Turks were forced to retreat back into Eretz Israel.
Despite the failure, they decided to attack again. They posited a large force on the southern front and routed all resources towards the war front.
The railroad tracks were layed down to transport supplies to soldiers stationed in Southern Israel. The new line connected to the track that led south from the Afula Station toward Nablus and turned west toward Tul Karem. From there the line turned south toward Lod, Wadi Zarar (Sorek River), Fallujah (Plugot Junction) and Beer Sheva.
The Beer Sheva station was inaugurated In October 1915 and that is where the Turkish army’s logistics center for the southern part of the country was established.
Building the military railway was the Turks’ most significant undertaking in Eretz Israel in 1915.
Title: Centenary of WWI in Eretz Israel and the Military Railway (1915)
Date of Issue: 16 June 2015
Denominations: 11.80 NIS
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