The beech is one of the most common tree species in Slovenia, accounting for a full 30 per cent of the country’s entire tree stock. It is the main or a mixed species in 70 per cent of Slovenia’s forests.
The beech is a deciduous tree with a large crown and exceptional leaf density. A full-grown hundred-year-old beech has a crown with a volume of 2700 m3. During the vegetation season that crown emits 1.6 kg of oxygen into the atmosphere every day.
In the autumn, beeches shed their leaves and the accumulated materials in them enrich the topsoil. The beech leaves decompose in one to two years and those nutritive materials enter a continuous cycle. They continuously enrich the soil – fertilising it in nature’s way. Since its leaves enrich the soil, in Slovenia the beech is called the “queen” or the “mother” of the forest.
THE SGERM’S PINE
The Sgerm’s Pine in the Ribnica Pohorje is an exceptional tree. At 61.8 metres it is the tallest pine tree in Central Europe. Its height was measured precisely in 2006 using the right triangle trigonometry method. It is a slender, sky-scraping tree with a huge root structure and root ball which anchor it into the Pohorje soil.
It is a tree of the past. Approximately three hundred years ago a seed fell onto the fertile soil and the pine began to sprout and grow higher and higher. Today it is a natural monument. It is protected as a valuable natural feature pursuant to the Rules on the designation and protection of valuable natural features. It is also a tree of the future. The wind strews the seeds of the Sgerm’s Pine into the surrounding area, ensuring that the forest of the future is already being created.
Title: Europa 2011 – Slovenia
Date of Issue: 27 May 2011
Denominations: D, 0.62