An Irish Post issued two stamps to honour International Humanitarians, Henry Dunant, the founder of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and Mother Teresa, who ministered to the poor and afflicted in Calcutta, India.Henry Dunant was born in Geneva, Switzerland in 1828.
Honouring International Humanitarians
The Battle of Solferino, when France fought Austria in northern Italy, was the turning point of his life.
Dunant was shocked to discover nearly 40,000 people, dead, dying and wounded, lying on the battlefield, with no-one taking care of them.
Four years later, a committee including Dunant met in Geneva on 17 February, 1863, which became the starting point for the International Committee of the Red Cross.
The following year, 12 States signed the first Geneva Convention, agreeing to the rules of engagement in war. Dunant received the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901. He died in 1910.
Mother Teresa, an Albanian, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. She was born in 1910 and her mother raised her as a Roman Catholic.
When she was 18, she left home on her first journey abroad to Ireland, where she spent several months with the Sisters of Loreto in Rathfarnham, Dublin, learning English.
In 1929, she travelled to India and took her vows as a nun, thereafter she worked as a teacher in Calcutta.The fate that awaited the poor, the sick, the dying and the orphaned, made an enormous impact on her.
In 1950, she started what became the worldwide Missionaries of Charity. Mother Teresadied on 5 September, 1997.
Title: International Humanitarians Mother Teresa & Henry Dunant
Date of Issue: 17 June 2010