UNESCO World Heritage Site Baekje Historic Areas is composed of historic sites that reveal the Baekje Kingdom’s unique culture as well as its religion and art.
The Baekje Historic Areas was recognized for their exceptional value as historic sites and were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2015.
UNESCO World Heritage Site Baekje Historic Areas
For over the roughly seven centuries from its founding in 18 B.C. to 660 A.D., Baekje was one of the three ancient kingdoms that shared the Korean peninsula alongside Goguryeo and Silla.
Baekje Historic Areas is intimately related to the capital cities from the later Baekje period (from 475 to 660).
The Historic Areas are comprised of eight historic sites across today’s Gongju City and Chungcheongnam-do Province, and Jeollabuk-do Province.
In Gongju, there are Gongsanseong Fortress, which served not only as a royal palace but also a defensive foothold against the threat of foreign invasions.
It also played the role of a strategic point during the Ungjin period, and Royal Tombs in Songsan-ri, which consist of tombs of the royal family.
Four sites of the Baekje Historic Areas in Buyeo include Archaeological Site:
– Gwanbuk-ri, which is believed to be a royal palace from the Sabi period.
– Busosanseong Fortress, which was built to protect the palace from the hilltop behind.
– Jeongnimsa Temple Site, an excellent example of early Buddhist temple architecture built on flatland in antiquity in East Asia.
– Royal Tombs in Neungsan-ri, seven royal tombs located just outside the city wall.
– Naseong City Wall, which was constructed to defend the capital of Sabi.
In Iksan, there are the Archaeological Site in Wanggung-ri, which is a remarkable example of the basic structure of ancient royal palaces in East Asia, and Mireuksa Temple Site.
Baekje Historic Areas are invaluable world heritage representing the late Baekje period when Baekje culture culminated through active exchange with neighboring countries.
The property also attests to the facts that urban planning, architectural technology, arts, and religion were brought to Baekje from China.
Moreover, Baekje further developed them before introducing them to Japan and other countries in East Asia.
Title: UNESCO World Heritage Site Baekje Historic Areas
Date of Issue: 28 October 2016
Denominations: KRW 1,000 x 2
Source: Korean stamps